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f-alpha.net » Electronics » Basic Circuits » Darlington Pair » Go on... » Experiment 12 - Touch Switch

Experiment 12 - The Touch Switch (Touch Sensitive Switch)

Build the circuit as shown.

 

Circuit of a touch sensitive switch. (Enlarge)

When you touch with your finger the soldering tips A and B the LED lights up. The skin of your finger has a resistance in the range of a few hundred kΩ to a few MOmega;. The resulting low current switches the Darlington pair through.

 

Circuit diagram of a touch sensitive switch.

The LED even lights up weakly when you touch only B. Why is this? Your body acts like as an antenna, which "receives" electric and magnetic fields in your immeadiate surrounding. This induces an - albeit small - voltage.

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